Like all types of joint pain, knee pain can appear either suddenly, with acute pain, or be chronic (long lasting). The most common cause of chronic knee pain and disability is osteoarthritis, although other forms of arthritis can be culprits as well, including rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic arthritis and gouty arthritis.
Types of knee pain
Knee pain can be categorised as either:
• immediate (acute) pain or
• long-term (chronic) pain.
Acute knee pain
Acute knee pain usually occurs as a result of an injury, like fractures, knee dislocation and ligament tears. Fractures cause sudden pain, swelling and an inability to bear weight on the limb that is affected. Acute dislocation of the knee is a severe injury which requires immediate medical attention. Sprained and torn collateral ligaments can also cause acute knee pain and is often a result of accident while playing contact sports. When acute knee pain is accompanied by significant inflammation and swelling, it may be a case of gout or, rarely, infection.
If the acute knee pain is caused by a complete tendon rupture, which causes severe pain, you will be unable to extend your knee. This can lead to permanent disability if the tendon rupture is left untreated. If your patella(kneecap) is out of place, facing either upward or downward, it may be dislocated, particularly if you are suffering severe pain and your knee appears to be deformed. If your knee locks in a particular position and swells badly, there is a chance you may have a meniscal injury, which can also cause acute pain.
Chronic knee pain
This may be caused by Osteoarthritis, and activity will aggravate the pain. In addition to the knee pain, in Rheumatoid arthritis, morning stiffness or pain in other joints may be experienced. Crystalline arthritis (gout and
pseudogout) may also be the cause of your chronic knee pain.
If the pain is due to an infection, then you will experience painful knee swelling and possibly even fever and chills. Some diseases cause knee pain. In Osgood-Schlatter disease, children complain of pain a few inches below the knee and their knees are tender to touch.
Other causes of chronic knee pain include Bursitis, common in overweight women and people who work on their knees. It also affects athletes. Other sports-related knee conditions include Iliotibial band syndrome and Jumper’s knee. Iliotibial band syndrome is an external knee pain, often a complaint of distance runners. Jumper’s knee, which is a localised pain, hurts more when you jump and land.
Treatment of Knee Pain y Physical Therapy
ABC Physical Therapy suggests five ways to get relief from knee pain. You can also contact us, so that we can help you for your treatment.
- Strengthen your butt
- Stretch the muscles that support your knees
- Tone your core muscles
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Mind your feet